The Prostate Gland

The prostate gland is a male gland responsible for producing semen. It is located just below the bladder and is the size of a walnut.

Prostate Cancer Screening

Prostate Screening consists of a blood test – Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) and a digital rectal exam (DRE).

If you have a family history of Prostate Cancer it is recommended to have a base level exam at age 40 otherwise it is suggested you talk to your family doctor about screening at age 55 until age 70.

Prostate Cancer Biopsy

A Urologist will perform a biopsy of the Prostate Gland. The samples taken will then be looked under the microscope by a pathologist. The cancer cells will be graded in terms of how abnormal they are in appearance. The most common and second most common cellular patterns are determined and then given a grade 1-5. The two grades are added together to give the Gleason Score.

Prostate Cancer Staging

Your Urologist will determine your Stage of Prostate Cancer. This will determine the treatment options for you.

Prostate Cancer Treatments

Treatments include:

  • Active Surveillance
  • Radical Prostatectomy – surgical removal of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles
  • Radiotherapy – Brachytherapy
  • External Beam
  • Hormone therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Further Website Resources

The Canadian Urological Association – Patient information:

Prostate Cancer Canada:


My Health Alberta – Prostate Cancer:

Prostate Cancer Matters:

The Canadian Continence Foundation – The Men’s Room:

Healthy Eating in NL Resource Centre: